[This post originally appeared on Jason Rowe's site and is reproduced with permission]

I've been reading up on continuous delivery and the GoCD tool is a great way to learn the concepts and abstractions to help model your delivery pipeline and work towards improving it.

This post documents setting up a .NET core project in GoCD in a minimal way. I cover setting up a hello world app and simple scripts to build, test, and package. Then I will create a pipeline in GoCD to build our site and run unit tests. Finally I'll show how to add additional pipelines for manual acceptance tests and deployment.

If you want to know about my environment and .NET core project for this demo you can read the next section Demo Environment Setup. If you want to just jump ahead to the GoCD part you can scroll down to the GoCD Setup or GoCD Pipelines sections.

Demo Environment Setup

Demo Environment

For this post I'll be using the following file structure:

Where I keep my development git repo.


Where I will keep my bare git repo to be used as GoCD material.


Material Setup

  • First I'll setup a file based git server in C:\demo\git_server. I'm just doing this for simplicity. You could also use Github or another SCM server.

    mkdir hwapp
    cd hwapp
    git init --bare
  • Then I'll setup a share so the git repo can be used as a material and cloned into my development folder.

  • Then clone that into my development folder.

    cd development
    git clone \\lenovo-pc\git_server\hwapp
  • Now we will just setup the hello world .NET Core app.

    cd hwapp
    dotnet new
  • Then run it to make sure everything is working.

    dotnet restore
    dotnet run
  • Add a .gitignore file (with contents):

  • To keep things simple I won't use a build tool and just write a few small windows commands.

    • build.cmd file contents:

      git clean -xfd
      dotnet restore
      dotnet build
    • test.cmd file contents:

      dotnet test
    • package.cmd file contents:

      IF [%1] == [] GOTO error
      @Echo Off
      dotnet pack -o _build --version-suffix %1
      EXIT /B
      Echo version required.
  • Add some example unit tests using Xunit.net:

    Here is my updated project json to allow me to run xunit tests.

        "version": "1.0.0-*",
        "testRunner": "xunit",
        "buildOptions": {
          "emitEntryPoint": true
        "dependencies": {
            "xunit": "2.1.0",
            "dotnet-test-xunit": "1.0.0-rc2-build10025"
        "frameworks": {
            "netcoreapp1.0": {
                "dependencies": {
                    "Microsoft.NETCore.App": {
                        "type": "platform",
                        "version": "1.0.0-rc2-3002702"
                "imports": [
  • Add xunit tests (tests.cs)

    using Xunit;
    namespace MyFirstDotNetCoreTests
        public class Class1
            public void PassingTest()
                Assert.Equal(4, Add(2, 2));
            int Add(int x, int y)
                return x + y;
  • Now the build, test, package cmds should work. Test and commit and push that to origin.

    git add -A
    git commit -m 'initial hello world app'
    git push origin master

GoCD Setup

Note: For windows users I would suggest a simple file path without spaces. I'll use C:\demo\GoCD\Server and C:\demo\GoCD\Agent for the install and host it on localhost.

Getting up and running with GoCD is simple. Download the server and agent and run the installers. Once it is running your GoCD server should be available at http://localhost:8153 or http://your-server-installation-hostname:8153. Verify the server and agents are working by visiting the site and checking the agents tab.

Now that the test environment is setup we can start adding a pipeline.

GoCD Pipeline

Initial setup of the "HwPackagePipeline" pipeline which will contain the stage/job/tasks to do the build, test, and package.

GoCD Pipeline

The second page is how you setup the material in GoCD. Here I've added my git repo endpoint and tested the connection.

GoCD Pipeline Material

The third page sets up the stage/job. I've used the custom build.cmd I created in the setup.

GoCD Pipeline Stage Job

After adding the build task, I un-paused the pipeline to make sure everything is wired up. GoCD will show the status go to orange and then green after the pipeline has finished.

GoCD Pipeline Passed Build

Now I can go setup the unit test and package tasks in this pipeline. I did this by going to the admin navigation and clicking on pipelines. Then clicked on the edit of the pipeline I created above. Then clicked on the defaultstage and defaultjob. Then I added in the unit test task which just calls test.cmd. The package task is a little different because I want to pass in the build number as a variable to the package.cmd.

GoCD Pipeline Label

Here is a view of all the tasks I setup in the default job.

GoCD Tasks

From the pipeline view if you click on the green bar you can view the job console output. I confirmed the label was updated correctly during the package task.

19:04:59.567 [go] Start to execute task:
package.cmd %GO_PIPELINE_LABEL%
19:04:59.598 C:\demo\GoCD\Agent\pipelines\hwPackagePipeline>IF [2] == [] GOTO error
19:05:00.022 Project hwPackagePipeline (.NETCoreApp,Version=v1.0) was previously compiled. Skipping compilation.
19:05:00.072 Producing nuget package "hwPackagePipeline.1.0.0-2" for hwPackagePipeline
19:05:00.118 hwPackagePipeline -> C:\demo\GoCD\Agent\pipelines\hwPackagePipeline\_build\hwPackagePipeline.1.0.0-2.nupkg
19:05:00.118 Producing nuget package "hwPackagePipeline.1.0.0-2.symbols" for hwPackagePipeline
19:05:00.122 hwPackagePipeline -> C:\demo\GoCD\Agent\pipelines\hwPackagePipeline\_build\hwPackagePipeline.1.0.0-2.symbols.nupkg
19:05:00.184 [go] Current job status: passed.

Now that the build, test, and packaging is done I can move on to creating a pipeline for acceptance tests and deployment with required approval. The second pipeline will use the first for it's material. Before we can create the second pipeline we need to go into the first and setup the jobs build artifacts.

Note: Also by adding a test artifact GoCD will display the results in the tests tab. You can use GoCD with any XUnit style xml reports.

GoCD Artifacts

Now via the admin tab and selecting pipelines, I can click on "Create a new pipeline within this group". On step one I'll name the new pipeline "hwDeployPipeline".

Note: GoCD supports pipeline templates. Deployment pipelines would be a good use case for a template.

For step two the material will be "Pipeline" and the stage will be the stage we created earlier. GoCD has autocomplete text boxes. I didn't have to type the stage name in the screenshot below.

GoCD Pipeline as Material

In step three, I setup a manual stage and a task that represents acceptance tests were performed. If a step in your pipeline is not yet automated this could be a way to incrementally work towards automation.

GoCD Manual Acceptance Test Example

Now I can save the new pipeline and unpause it. If we now go back to the main pipeline page and trigger the build we will see the first pipeline build and the second one will wait to be manually triggered. Once you click into the second pipeline and click on the purple arrow button it will run.

The value stream will look like this after both pipelines complete. You can view value stream map for any build by clicking on the build label.

GoCD Value Stream Map

Now we can setup a task that fetches the artifacts from the first pipeline and another task to deploy. Here is what setting up a fetch task would look like. The "pkg" folder name came from the artifacts configuration from the first pipeline.

GoCD Fetch Artifacts

Now if we trigger the first pipeline again and manually trigger the second one we can see the agent was able to fetch the build output from the first pipeline.

21:31:26.919 [go] Start to execute task: .
21:31:26.920 [go] Fetching artifact [pkg] from [hwPackagePipeline/8/defaultStage/1/defaultJob]
21:31:32.017 [go] Saved artifact to [pipelines\hwDeployPipeline] after verifying the integrity of its contents.
21:31:32.052 [go] Current job status: passed.
GoCD Agent Pkg


GoCD has a very good model and abstraction for how to build deployment pipelines. For example, when working on a task like packaging you don't need to worry about anything else. It leads you to using smaller focused scripts in the right places. Also, the concept of pipelines as a material give a powerful way to break up your deployment process. In my example I used another pipeline, setup with an initial task to wait for manual approval. Then after approval a fetch task runs which copies the artifacts from the build of the first pipeline, which then can be used for deployment.